Weekly Robotics Newsletter Archive [11/18]

  • Weekly Robotics #29

    1) Google Summer of Code 2019.
    Google
    INFO: “Google Summer of Code is a global program focused on bringing more student developers into open source software development”. The Robotics and Space related projects students can contribute to this year are: ArduPilot, JdeRobot, RoboComp, Open Source Robotics Foundation, JSK Robotics Laboratory, Open Roberta, OpenCV, RTEMS Project, Libre Space Foundation, GNSS-SDR, BRL-CAD. If we’ve missed any projects please send us an e-mail and we will update the list.

    2) Drones At Sea: The Highs & Lows of a Parley SnotBot Expedition.
    DroneLife
    INFO: This article from DroneLife talks about Ocean Alliance usage of drones for whale monitoring in a SnotBot expedition. Even though the team faced numerous challenges they managed to achieve the expedition objective of capturing over 50 biological samples.

    3) Optical Gyro Dwarfed by a Grain of Rice.
    Elektor
    INFO: Caltech engineers developed an optical gyroscope the size of a grain rice. From the article we’ve learned that the optical gyroscopes make us of Sagnac effect (Wikipedia, Simple simulation on YouTube and are usually the size of a golf ball.

    4) Bare Metal STM32 Programming and a Quadcopters Awakening.
    timakro.de
    INFO: In this blog post Tim Schumacher describes his experience in programming an STM32 chip onboard Crazypony mini, a 100$ mini quadrotor. Even though the author only shows how to control a single LED this article can be a good entry point for anyone looking into programming embedded autopilots.

    5) Vehicle Path Planning.
    Razor Code
    INFO: This article on vehicle path planning by David Olsen talks a lot about heuristics of path planning and optimization. It also showcases an interesting vehicle model and approaches to path optimization.

    6) I Flew a Helicopter, and then the Helicopter Flew Me.
    The Verge
    INFO: Piloting a helicopter after 45 minutes of training on simulator? It is now possible with SARA (Sikorsky Autonomy Research Unit). The system is fit with a fly-by-wire system allowing the pilot to control the aircraft using two inceptors (a lever and a joystick). The system comes with an HMI (Human Machine Interface) in form of a screen with widgets, allowing the pilot to plan flight parameters that the aircraft will execute automatically.

    7) Publication of the week - Autonomous Drifting using Simulation-Aided Reinforcement Learning (2016).
    WeeklyRobotics
    INFO: This paper by Mark Cutler and Jonathan P. How introduces a framework that combines simple and complex continuous state-action simulators with a real-world robot to efficiently find good control policies, while minimizing the number of samples needed from the physical robot. While many Reinforcement Learning Researchers use expert demonstration to initialize the models, the authors of this paper chose an approach in which they generate initial policies from simple models. On the car Researchers track velocities in x and y direction (the information is provided by a motion capture system), turn rate and wheel speed. By applying the algorithm shown in this paper combined with prior simulated information the R/C car was able to drift as it can be seen in this YouTube video. You can download additional material to the paper here.

    Careers

    1) Saildrone (Alameda, CA, US) - Various Positions.
    INFO: Saildrone’s mission is to create the highest resolution ocean data set in the world and use it to make global processes such as weather forecasting, carbon cycling, global fishing, and climate change more predictable, visible, and actionable. We’ve linked to their Unmanned Surface Vehicle and Arctic mission in Weekly Robotics #28.

    2) Remy Robotics (Barcelona, Spain / Moscow, Russia) - Various Positions.
    INFO: Remy Robotics is using robotic technology to take the routine and inefficiency out of cooking, creating a ‘robot chef’ that can help cook any cuisine or any dish in the world.

    3) Samsung (Mountain View, CA, US) - Robotics Open Source Engineer.
    INFO: Open Source Group (OSG) under Samsung Research is the corporate Open Source Program office for all open source activities in Samsung.

  • Weekly Robotics #28

    1) MIT Mini Cheetah Quadruped Robot.
    YouTube
    INFO: MIT Biomimetic Robotics Lab showcased a robotic cheetah weighting just 9 kg (20 pounds) capable of running at up to 2.45 m/s speed, doing backflips and performing recovery behaviours. We especially liked the end of the video where the team shows some of the mistakes they made while working on the robot.

    2) NASA, SpaceX Launch First Flight Test of Space System Designed for Crew.
    NASA
    INFO: On 2nd of March NASA and SpaceX successfully launched the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft. For this demonstration the spacecraft was unmanned and carries 400 pounds (180 kg) of supplies that will be delivered to ISS. For operational missions the spacecraft will be able to carry 4 crew members and 220 pounds of cargo. The spacecraft will depart the ISS on 8th of March.

    3) Zephyr Project.
    zephyrproject.org
    INFO: Zephyr is an open source RTOS (Real Time Operating System) project that has a chance to become safety certified (according to the website it’s an active consideration). At present the project supports multiple boards the supported architectures are x86, ARM, ARC, NIOS II, XTENSA, RISCV32.

    4) PlotJuggler.
    GitHub
    INFO: PlotJuggler is an open source application to display time series in plots. The project has a very intuitive interface, is available for Windows and Ubuntu and works with ROS. The latest release added support for PX4 autopilot ULog format.

    5) BPS.space Falcon Heavy.
    bps.space
    INFO: The BPS.space Falcon Heavy is a 1/48 scale model of SpaceX rocket aiming to showcase the advancement possible at the model scale and recreate the functionality of the original. The above page contains quite a lot of technical information about the project, including videos with test results. If you like the project then you can consider supporting the author on Patreon.

    6) What Is a Saildrone, and Why Is It Sailing Around Antarctica?
    Saildrone
    INFO: Saildrone is an 7 meter (23 feet) long unmanned surface vehicle (USV) sailing entirely by wind power at an average speed of 2.5 to 4.5 knots (3-5 mph / 5-8 km/h). In January this year two saildrones departed New Zealand on a mission to complete the first autonomous circumnavigation of Antarctica, aiming to collect information about the amount of CO2 algae in that region are absorbing. You can see the mission updates on the project site.

    7) Publication of the week - How I Built the Flying Cart (1960).
    vintageprojects.com
    INFO: This DIY tutorial from Popular Science issue published in 1960 shows the steps a Hubert Luckett had taken to create a flying cart (hovercraft?) capable of lifting 200 pound (90 kg) load. Author’s design was propelled by a 5 HP chainsaw engine and an airboat propeller. The total weight of the cart was 80 pounds (36 kg).

    1) MIT Robo-AI Exchange Conference.
    robo-ai.org
    INFO: The MIT Robo-AI Exchange (March 9, 2019) will bring together business leaders from across a number of industries to share specific cases, strategies, and outcomes related to their adoption of Robotics and AI. In doing so, the event attracts business executives, corporate strategists, product and project managers, university students, entrepreneurs, technologists and academics to learn from our world-class keynote speakers and panelists, and of course, one another. Use code BNT982 for 20% off professional tickets!

    Careers

    1) RightHand Robotics (Somerville, MA, US) - Various Positions.
    INFO: RightHand Robotics is a robotics solutions provider bringing to market fully integrated picking robots for online order fulfilment.

    2) Microdrones (Rome, NY, US) - Software Developer.
    INFO: Microdrones develop various multirotor UAV platforms and systems.

    3) iRobot (Bedford, MA, US) - Software Manager, Robot Applications.
    INFO: iRobot is a global consumer robot company, designing and building robots that empower people to do more, both inside and outside of the home.

  • Weekly Robotics #27

    1) In Search of Life’s Origins, Japan’s Hayabusa 2 Spacecraft Lands on an Asteroid.
    Scientific American
    INFO: Hayabusa 2 spacecraft successfully landed on Ryugu asteroid, where it joins a MASCOT hopping rover (described in WR #7) or what’s left of it. The spacecraft will take rock samples from the asteroid and will bring them back to earth in 2020. Here is an interesting article from JAXA describing how the touchdown site has been chosen.

    2) The World’s Most Innovative Robotics Companies.
    Fast Company
    INFO: According to Fast Company the most innovative robotics company in 2019 is Anki. You will find the full list of companies in the article above.

    3) University of South Florida’s Brain-Drone Race.
    AUVSI
    INFO: University of South Florida organized a drone race where pilots were using EEG bands capable of picking brain signals to fly the drone forward.

    4) Robots Track Moving Objects with Unprecedented Precision.
    MIT
    INFO: MIT Researchers are working on a RFID based system that can be used for applications in which traditionally vision systems were used. In the current state the system takes 7.5 seconds on average to locate tagged objects.

    5) Farmworker vs Robot.
    Washington Post
    INFO: Harvest Croo Robotics are testing a strawberry picking robot. While human workers have about 80% success rate the Harv had a 20% success in the trials last year. The goal for this year’s trial was to be able to achieve 50% success ratio. In one of the phots featured the article you can see the team using Robot Operating System (ROS). The article raises some interesting points about automating human labour.

    6) Researchers Publish a Tool to Hunt for Hackable Robots Connected to the Internet.
    Alias Robotics
    INFO: “Last summer, the University of Brown published a research on robot visibility on the internet. They scanned the internet and found over 100 ROS-running internet-connected robots that were potential targets for cybercrime and mischief”. Alias Robotics developers created an aztarna, an open source tool (GitHub link) that can be used for finding the robots that are exposed to the outside world.

    7) Publication of the week - A Fleet of Miniature Cars for Experiments in Cooperative Driving (2019).
    arXiv
    INFO: This paper by Researchers from University of Cambridge covers multiple aspects of miniature cars for cooperative driving. The first part introduces Cambridge Minicar, a 1:24 R/C car with Raspberry Pi Zero W as a computational unit. The total cost of the car is 76.5$, the weight with batteries is about 450g (1 lbs). The second part focuses on the testbed (a motion capture system is used for precise localization). The third part focuses on design of mult-car traffic system and testing different driver behaviours. There are some project files and instructions on GitHub, you can also see the video showing the system in action.

    1) Humble Book Bundle: Microcontrollers Raspberry Pi & Arduino by Make.
    HumbleBundle
    INFO: In this Humble Book Bundle by Make you can find robotics related books such as: “Drones”, “Make an Arduino Controlled Robot”, “Make a Mind-Controlled Arduino Robot”, “Sensors”, “ Jumpstarting Raspberry Pi Vision: Machine Learning and Facial Recognition”. By purchasing this bundle using the above link you can choose to support charities of your choice and Weekly Robotics.

    Careers

    1) Bosch (Renningen, Germany) - Task and Motion Planning Expert.
    INFO: Bosch is an engineering and electronics company. This particular position is about mobile robots in the areas of task allocation, team formation, multi-robot path planning and motion planning.

    2) Animal Dynamics (Oxford, UK) - Various Positions.
    INFO: Animal Dynamics develops efficient and useful vehicles and systems that perform beyond anything currently found in nature or engineering.

    3) Botsandus (Hayes , UK) - Robotics Engineer / Senior Software Engineer.
    INFO: Botsandus are building a social robotics platform to help organisations interact with and learn about their customers and guests.

  • Weekly Robotics #26

    1) NASA’s Opportunity Rover Mission on Mars Comes to End.
    NASA
    INFO: After sending over 1000 commands to restore contact with Opportunity the NASA engineers made the last attempt to revive the rover on 12 of February. The final communication from Opportunity was received on 10th of June, before a Mars-wide dust storm blanketed its location. Opportunity mission lasted almost 15 years (the mission goal was for it to last 90 days) and traveled 45 km / 28 mi (the planned distance was 1,100 yd / 1,000 m). If you are interested in Visual Inertial Odometry on Opportunity and Spirit rovers then you might like the publication of the week from Weekly Robotics #17. We really liked the xkcd strip on Opportunity.

    2) CARLA Autonomous Driving Challenge.
    carlachallenge.org
    INFO: CARLA (WR #8) announced an autonomous driving challenge in which agents will have to drive through predefined routes in various conditions. The challenge has 4 tracks: LiDAR + GPS + cameras, cameras only, HD map + LiDAR + cameras + GPS, scene abstraction (no perception involved).

    3) Can Reaction Wheels Control a Drone?
    YouTube
    INFO: In this YouTube video Tom Stanton discusses angular momentum and reaction wheels and try to control a coaxial drone in pitch and roll axes. We’ve found this 25 minutes video to be very informative and a fun watch.

    4) List of Open Source Real-Time Operating Systems.
    OSRTOS
    INFO: The above website contains a list of open source Real Time Operating Systems (RTOS). The Licence and platform column can allow to quickly filter the systems based on your requirements.

    5) ROS-Industrial Conference 2018 - Video Sessions.
    ROS Industrial
    INFO: In the above link you can find references to YouTube video playlists with 4 sessions from last year’s ROS-Industrial conference.

    6) Remote Handling at the JET Fusion Experiment.
    YouTube
    INFO: This video shows how maintenance at the JET fusion experiment are performed. During maintenance 2 articulated booms can be deployed in the experiment area. One of the booms contains dexterous manipulator called MASCOT that can be operated using a haptic device.

    7) Publication of the week - Modern Robotics (2017).
    Northwestern University
    INFO: It’s not a kind of Publication you are used to see in Weekly Robotics but we had to include it. Modern Robotics: Mechanics, Planning, and Control is a book by Kevin M. Lynch and Frank C. Park that covers kinematics, dynamics and control of robots (mostly robotic arms but there is a chapter on wheeled robots too). The book is freely available to download at the above link. In the above page you will also find lots of extra content like Link to Coursera classes, YouTube videos covering the lessons and a 100+ pages exercise book with solutions.

    1) Humble Book Bundle: Robotics & IoT.
    Humble Bundle
    INFO: In this Humble Book Bundle you can get up to 25 Packt published books about Robotics and Internet of Things. By purchasing this bundle you can support charities of your choice and Weekly Robotics.

    2) Livox Mid-40 LiDAR Review.
    M.Sadowski Blog
    INFO: In this blog post Mat reviews Livox Mid-40, a 600$ LiDAR with range of up to 230 meters and 38.4° circular field of view. The review covers both LiDAR performance and available ROS nodes.

    Careers

    0) Would you like to advertise an open position in a robotics related company?
    Weekly Robotics
    INFO: If you would like us to include your open position in the hiring section please feel free to send us an e-mail.

    1) PAL Robotics (Barcelona, Spain) - Senior Autonomous Navigation Engineer.
    INFO: PAL Robotics designs, craft and customize humanoid robots.

    2) Sevensense (Zurich, Switzerland) - Various Positions.
    INFO: Sevensense develops technology for autonomous indoors and outdoor navigation.

    3) Ike (San Francisco, CA, US) - Various Positions.
    INFO: Ike is building cutting edge automation technology to help improve the trucking industry.