Weekly Robotics Newsletter Archive [10/15]

  • Weekly Robotics #21

    1) Autonomous Driving Cookbook (Preview).
    GitHub
    INFO: This repository developed and maintained by the Project Road Runner at Microsoft Garage is a collection of tutorials for developping autonomous vehicles.

    2) Bill Gates at Harvard University Lab.
    Gates Notes
    INFO: In the above article Bill Gates discusses his visit to Harvard University laboratories. The article briefly discusses exoskeletons, soft robotics and flying microrobots.

    3) ESA’s E.Deorbit debris removal mission reborn as servicing vehicle.
    ESA
    INFO: We discussed E.Deorbit mission back in Weekly Robotics #4. The project is now being reborn as a satellite service vehicle capable of refuelling, refurbrishing or rebosting satellites already in orbit.

    4) Tesla Autopilot HW3 Details.
    Reddit
    INFO: You should treat this post as a speculation. Some users of teslamotors subreddit are discussing the details of possible hardware and software of the new Tesla Autopilot. The post is based on information released by Tesla, reverse engineering and speculations.

    5) How To Use Docker With ROS Using DockeROS.
    The Construct
    INFO: In this 20 minutes episode of ROS Developers Podcast Christian Henkel from Fraunhofer - IPA talks about DockeROS, differences between snaps and docker images.

    6) NASA To Conduct Tests of Planetary Defense Spacecraft.
    Interesting Engineering
    INFO: In the next couple of years NASA wants to send a spacecraft called DART (Double Asteroid Redirection Test) on a collision course with a non-threatening asteroid to see if it’s capable of changing the asteroid’s trajectory.

    7) Publication of the week - You Only Look Once: Unified, Real-Time Object Detection (2016).
    arXiv
    INFO: You Only Look Once (YOLO) is a real-time object detection system. The object detection pipeline is a single convolutional neural network that simultaneously predicts multiple bounding boxes and class probabilities for those boxes. In the first version of YOLO described in the above paper (there have been 2 YOLO releases since the paper was published) the team achieved detection at 45 FPS on Titan X GPU and more than 150 FPS using the fast version. According to the paper one of the limitations of YOLO is that it struggles with small objects that appears in groups (flocks of birds). YOLO can also have issues with objects with unusual aspect ratios or configurations.

    0) Introducing the sponsored section.
    Weekly Robotics
    INFO: Would you like to advertise your Robotics related product or service? Please get in touch and we will provide you with all the details

    1) Mat’s review of 100$ LIDAR.
    M.Sadowski Blog
    INFO: In this blog post Mat, the editor of Weekly Robotics, reviews YDLIDAR X4, a budget LIDAR with a very good performance for the price.

    Careers

    0) Would you like to advertise an open position in a robotics related company?
    Weekly Robotics
    INFO: If you would like us to include your open position in the hiring section please feel free to send us an e-mail.

    1) Cobalt Robotics (San Mateo, CA, US) - Various Positions.
    INFO: Cobalt builds autonomous security robots that keep buildings safe by combining the reliability of machines and the friendly face of human-in-the-loop “Robot Specialists”.

    2) Gecko Robotics (Pittsburgh, PA, US) - Various Positions.
    INFO: Gecko Robotics is automating industrial inspection and repair where existing processes are dangerous and inefficient.

    3) Preffered Networks (Tokyo, Japan) - Various Positions.
    INFO: Preffered Networks is a startup with ~200 members based in Tokyo, focusing on developing AI for Autonomous Driving, Robotics, and Bio-Healthcare.

  • Weekly Robotics #20

    1) Drones Used to Find Toylike Butterfly Land Mines.
    Scientific American
    INFO: Researchers at Binghamton University in New York are using thermal imagery captured by a multirotor UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) to search for landmines. In the trials the team was able to pick up about 78% of the mines.

    2) Self-driving Rovers Tested in Mars Like Morocco.
    ESA
    INFO: Recently self-driving space rover trials were concluded in Sahara desert by members of PERASPERA consortium. Before testing of the rovers the test location was mapped using a drone, producing a digital elevation model with a 4cm resolution that were used as a ground truth to the data captured by the rovers. The article mentions that SherpaTT rover managed a 1.3 km journey during trials.

    3) Cafe Staffed by Robots Controlled by Paralyzed People.
    SoraNews24
    INFO: On November 26th a ribbon cutting ceremony was held at Dawn ver.β Cafe that was meant to be a trial run that lasted until 7th of December 2018. According to the linked article the Cafe used OriHime-D robots that paralyzed people could control from their homes. The project was crowdfunded and if the support continues it is hoped that the full fledged Dawn Cafe can open in 2020.

    4) Autodrome: OpenAI Gym environment for self-driving vehicle development.
    Autodrome
    INFO: The simulator is built around the engine, map editor and assets of Euro Truck Simulator 2 or American Truck Simulator. The project is released under MIT Licence.

    5) The Disruptors Podcast Episode on Bio Inspired Robotics.
    The Disruptors
    INFO: In this podcast episode Prof. Auke Ijspeert from EPFL (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne) discussing biology vs mechanics. In the interview Prof. Ijspeert provides quite an interesting view on Boston Dynamics and Academia. Other topics covered in the Podcast are military use of robots, exoskeletons, Uncanny valley (including a robotic crocodille), robotics and jobs.

    6) Project Soli.
    Project Soli
    INFO: Google is working on a 8x10mm radar chip for gesture detection. The radar operates at 60 GHz ISM band. According to the information on the website the SDK can provide data at 100 to 10,000 frames per second.

    7) Publication of the week - Excalve: Hardware Testing in Mass Production, Made Easier (2018).
    bunnie:studios
    INFO: This blog post about hardware testing is made of two parts. The first one talks about test jigs and automated hardware/firmware testing of electronics. The second part introduces Exclave - a factory test infrastructure written in Rust. We found the post to be very informative and full of good practices for electronics mass production.

    1) Introducing the sponsored section.
    Weekly Robotics
    INFO: Would you like to advertise your Robotics related product or service? Please get in touch and we will provide you with all the details

    2) Robotics for the Planet.
    M. Sadowski Blog
    INFO: Mat, the author of this newsletter partnered with 1% For The Planet, pledging to donate at least 1% of sales from his Robotics Consultancy and WeeklyRobotics to environmental non-profits.

    3) Humble STEM Books Bundle - pay whar you want for STEM books (until 7th January 2019).
    Humble Bundle
    INFO: The Humble Book Bundle with STEM books published by Mercury Learning is nearing to an end. In the Bundle you can find such books as Industrial Engineering Foundations, Artificial Intelligence and Problem Solving, Radar Systems and Radio Aids to Navigation, Industrial Automation and Robotics, Wireless Sensor Networks, Real-Time Embedded Components and Systems With Linux and RTOS and more. We joined Humble Bundle partner program, meaning that you can support Weekly Robotics by purchasing the bundle using the above link.

    Careers

    0) Would you like to advertise an open position in a robotics related company?
    Weekly Robotics
    INFO: If you would like us to include your open position in the hiring section please feel free to send us an e-mail.

    1) ATLAS (Various Countries and institutions) - Various PhD Positions Related To Surgical Robotics.
    ATLAS
    INFO: ATLAS (AuTonomous intraLuminAl Surgery) is a project coordinated by the University of Leuven, is implemented by a consortium of seven Universities and many industrial partners. The call for some of the open positions will close on 15th of January.

    2) Eco Robotix (Yverdon-les-Bains, Switzerland) - Various Positions.
    Eco Robotix
    INFO: Eco Robotix creates completely autonomous robot for a more ecological and economical weeding of row crops, meadows and intercropping cultures.

    3) Satellite Applications Catapult (Harwell, UK) - Agri-Tech Satellite Solutions Architect.
    Satellite Applications Catapult
    INFO: The Satellite Applications Catapult aims to empower businesses in the exploitation of new and emerging satellite services, to achieve our own vision “To innovate for a better world powered by satellites”.

  • Robotics in 2018

    Welcome to the special edition of Weekly Robotics in which we cover what we think are the most important news and projects of 2018. We hope that you’ll enjoy this edition as much as every other issue of Weekly Robotics and we would also like to use this occasion to wish a happy new year to all our readers.

    Open Source Projects

    1) NASA’s JPL Open Source Rover project.
    NASA JPL
    INFO: This year we came across a fully documented Open Source Rover project from NASA that we mentioned in the issue #1. It’s also worth mentioning Sawppy rover which is a Rover inspired by the NASA’s project that is more cost-effective.

    2) Ikarus electric “rocket”.
    Omeganaught
    INFO: One of the projects we liked the most this year is this ducted fan motor that was featured in the issue #4. The build log video featured with the project was especially fascinating and a good learning resource.

    3) Nybble quadruped cat.
    Hackster
    INFO: Nybble is a quadruped cat project that was announced in October 2018. It could be a perfect first quadruped robot project.

    4) Blimpduino 2.
    JJ Robots
    INFO: Another project that caught our attention is a low cost open source blimp flight controller.

    5) Dexter - an open source 3D printed robot arm.
    Hackaday
    INFO: The project that won a Hackaday 2018 prize. The robot has 5 degrees of freedom (DOF) with a maximum payload capacity of 1kg. The repeatability of the robot is said to be 0.05mm.

    Soft Robotics

    6) Jellyfish.
    Hackaday
    INFO: This year we enjoyed learning about this Soft Robotics Jellyfish project. The above Hackaday post has you covered when it comes to follow up links with technical information and build logs.

    7) Soft Robotics Toolkit.
    Soft Robotics Toolkit
    INFO: In the issue #8 we discovered a Soft Robotics Toolkit, a collection of free resources for design, fabrication, modeling, characterization, and control of soft robotic devices.

    8) Robotic skin.
    The Robot Report
    INFO: In September we learned about this project allowing to turn soft objects into robots.

    Robotics showmandship

    9) Robotics stunt man.
    Engineering.com
    INFO: In July we Disney shared information on robotics stunt man it has been working on.

    10) Atlas doing parkour.
    Boston Dynamics
    INFO: In October Boston Dynamics released the video of it’s bipedal robot Atlas doing Parkour that wen viral.

    11) Dancing Spot Mini.
    Boston Dynamics
    INFO: Another viral video that we’ve seen a week later after Atlas Parkour was of Spot Mini dancing to Uptown Funk.

    Drones

    12) TU Delft Insect Robot.
    TU Delft
    INFO: TU Delft researchers from MAVLab created a flapping-wing robot inspired by fruit flies

    13) Ion Drive fixed wing UAV.
    Ars Technica
    INFO: In November this year MIT Researchers announced the first flights with a fixed wing UAV powered by ionic wind.

    14) Airbus Zephyr high altitude flight.
    Airbus
    INFO: In August Airbus Zephyr High Altitude Pseudo Satellite completed it’s record flight in which it staid in the air for almost 26 days.

    ROS

    15) ROS on Windows.
    IEEE
    INFO: on 1st of October Microsoft announced an experimental release of ROS for Windows.

    16) AWS Robomaker.
    AWS
    INFO: In November Amazon announced AWS Robomaker - a service for development, test and deployment of robot software. The service is based on ROS Kinetic and some sources report that it will support ROS 2 in the near future.

    17) ROSCON 2018.
    ROSCON
    INFO: The ROSCON 2018 took place in September 2018. The linked page has links to all the talks from this event. It’s worth noting the amount of talks related to ROS 2.

    Safety

    18) Gatwick Airport disruption due to Drone sighting.
    sUAS News
    INFO: A very unfortunate event for the Drone industry as a whole. Sources report that the disruption affected 1000 flights and over 140,000 passengers. Although it’s still too early to say what the incident will result in it’s almost certain that it will affect the drone industry in one way or another.

    19) Uber self-driving crash resulting in fatality.
    NTSB
    INFO: An unfortunate event from March this year, where an Uber self-driving car struck and killed a Woman in Tempe, Arizona. The linked source is a preliminary report from NTSB (National Transportation Safety Board).

    20) Fatal Tesla Autopilot crash.
    NTSB
    INFO: On 23rd of March 2018 a Tesla Model X, reportedly in Autopilot mode, crashed into a concrete barrier killing the driver.

    Space

    21) Hayabusa Rovers asteroid hopping.
    Space.com
    INFO: In October this year two Rovers were deployed onto the surface of Ryugu comet. We included a link covering the technical information about those hopping rovers in the issue #7.

    22) NASA Hubble telescope gyro recovery.
    NASA
    INFO: In October NASA successfully recovered Hubble from a Gyro failure. The above page contains a good amount of technical details about the recovery process.

    23) Copenhagen Suborbitals.
    Copenhagen Suborbitals
    INFO: This year we learned about Copenhagen Suborbitals, the amateur manned space program staffed by volunteers.

    24) Parker Solar Probe.
    NASA
    INFO: On 12th of August a Parker Solar Probe was launched. The goal of the mission is to get as close as 3.8 million km from the sun surface, probing it’s atmosphere.

    Business

    25) Rethink robotics close down.
    The Robot Report
    INFO: In the beginning of October we learned about Rethink Robotics closing down after rising $150M.

    26) Alphabet to pull the plug on bipedal robot development.
    Nikkei
    INFO: In November we learned about Alphabet dissolving Schaft, a developer of bipedal robots that Google acquired in 2013.

    27) The hunt for Robot Unicorns.
    IEEE
    INFO: This article from September was very informative source of information about Robotics from the perspective of Venture-Capital.

    28) 10 Most Funded Robotics Companies of 2018
    The Robot Report
    INFO: The above article from Robot Report lists Robotics companies that raised the most funding in 2018.

    The publications we covered this year

  • Weekly Robotics #19

    1) Drone X Challenge 2020.
    Kryptolabs
    INFO: Kryptolabs is organizing a $1.5M drone challenge aimed at boosting drone related R&D and innovation. The challenge two main categories are Fixed Wing Drones and Multirotors. The application deadline is 10th of January 2019.

    2) Webots goes open source.
    Cyberbotics
    INFO: Webots, a robot development environment for modeling, programming and simulating robots goes open source. The project is released under Apache 2.0 licence. For more information please see the Webots project repository.

    3) HAMR-E quadruped sticky feet robot.
    Wyss Institute
    INFO: Researchers at Harvard University’s Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering and John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have created a micro robot capable of climbing on vertical and upside-down conductive surfaces. The robot weights 1.68 grams, while the electroadhesive footpads can generate shear forces of 5.56 grams and normal forces of 6.20 grams.

    4) Robot makes world-first baby coral delivery to Great Barrier Reef.
    Robohub
    INFO: Southern Cross University’s Professor Peter Harrison and QUT’s Professor Matthew Dunbabin performed a trial of delivery of coral larvae in efforts of repopulating parts of the Great Bareer Reef. The researchers are using an Underwater Vehicle capable of delivering up to 100,000 larvae in a single mission.

    5) Open Mission Control Technologies.
    NASA
    INFO: Via Github: Open MCT (Open Mission Control Technologies) is a next-generation mission control framework for visualization of data on desktop and mobile devices. It is developed at NASA’s Ames Research Center, and is being used by NASA for data analysis of spacecraft missions, as well as planning and operation of experimental rover systems.

    6) ESA’s winning ideas for new space transport services.
    ESA
    INFO: Back in the Weekly Robotics issue 2 we mentioned European Space Agency’s competition for new space transport ideas. The results are in! The linked article describes the three winning ideas/projects. The authors of the ideas will travel to French Guiana to experience a space launch.

    7) Publication of the week - The Foldable Drone: A Morphing Quadrotor that can Squeeze and Fly (2018).
    Robotics and Perception Group
    INFO: This project by researchers from Robotics and Perception Group from University of Zurich gathered quite some attention lately (1 2). The quadrocopter described in the paper is based on the Qualcomm Snapdragon Flight flight controller. The motor frame described in this paper has each of the arms mounted on a servo motor (HiTech HS-5070MH) and offset vertically so that adjacent propellers do not collide. Folding the arms on the quadrotor impacts CoG (Center of Gravity) location, inertial tensor of the platform and thrust mapping. The multirotor can sustain a stable flight thanks to real-time adaptive control scheme. We highly recommend watching the videos linked in the paper and a radar diagram showing how different configurations affect pitch/roll acceleration, flight time and robot’s dimensions.

    Careers

    0) Would you like to advertise an open position in a robotics related company?
    Weekly Robotics
    INFO: If you would like us to include your open position in the hiring section please feel free to send us an e-mail.

    1) Fraunhofer IPA (Stuttgart, Germany) - Research Associate.
    Fraunhofer
    INFO: The department “Robot and Assistive Systems” at Fraunhofer IPA develops mobile service robots for the numerous applications: from small robots for the home and garden to transport assistants, inspection, and cleaning robots for the industry, or personal robots that attend and support people in their everyday lives.

    2) Teqram (Zwolle, Netherlands) - Various Positions.
    Teqram
    INFO: Teqram creates solutions for vision guided robotics.

    3) Space Applications Services (Sint-Stevens-Woluwe, Belgium) - Robotics Software Engineer.
    Space Applications Services
    INFO: Space Applications Services aim is to research and develop innovative systems, solutions and products and provide services to the aerospace, security markets & related industries.

    4) Wingtra (Zurich, Switzerland) - Robotics Software Developer.
    Wingtra
    INFO: Wingtra is creating VTOL (Vertical Takeoff and Landing) drones.